The Basics of General Asphalt Paving


Beginning the paving process requires the preparation of a sub-grade. This step is essential in creating long-lasting and cost-efficient asphalt surfaces. Find the best Asphalt Paving Arlington.

Philadelphia officials severed ties with a politically connected contractor alleged to have created a black-owned shell company to skirt anti-discrimination- regulations and banned it from bidding on city contracts for three years.

Types of Asphalt

Hot mix asphalt (HMA), also referred to as hot-mix asphalt overlay, is a hot mixture of asphalt binder (cement) and high-grade aggregate used to cover existing pavement in order to form a new surface. Also referred to as HMA overlay.

Cold-mix asphalt can be used for patching or making minor repairs to roads when temperatures are too cold to use a hot-mix, typically by hand or with mechanical equipment like spreaders. Cold-mix can also help the environment by using less fossil fuels than hot-mix.

Dense-graded asphalt is a hot mix designed to perform efficiently across all pavement layers and traffic situations, boasting higher proportions of fine and sand-sized aggregate than its coarse-graded counterpart.

Blast furnace slag is a nonmetallic material composed primarily of silicates and alumino-silicates produced simultaneously with iron in a blast furnace and serves as a cost-effective source of high-purity aggregate for asphalt pavements.

City controller Charles Edacheril of Philadelphia sent a solid letter to Mayor Jim Kenney this summer alleging that a politically connected contractor, Empire Supplies and Services of Northeast Philadelphia, hired by General Asphalt to do work for the city, was running an unlawful shell company to bypass anti-discrimination policies by providing false, inaccurate, and inflated invoices to it.

Mix Design

HMA mixes of aggregate and asphalt binder are critical elements to the performance of pavements, and mix design is the process that selects suitable aggregate and determines what combination of aggregates and asphalt binder is necessary for an ideal mix. Laboratory testing may also be utilized to characterize its physical properties.

Careful selection of mineral aggregates is vital in order to prevent permanent deformation failures in pavements. Gradation, angularity, toughness, and soundness should all be taken into account when making this selection. HMA pavements are specifically designed to resist deformation caused by traffic loading; this resistance is controlled by using appropriate aggregate types (source), gradation levels, and shapes, as well as by maintaining correct aggregate size distribution and adequate asphalt binder content.

Mechanical laboratory tests can also help to ascertain the optimum mixture composition. Such tests include stability tests to measure a pavement’s ability to withstand sliding movements and tensile strength tests that evaluate strength. Furthermore, asphalt binder must be chosen and blended carefully so it possesses all of the properties necessary for long-term durability.

Bruce Marshall developed the Marshall method for designing dense HMA in 1939 while working for the Mississippi Highway Department. World War II saw its adoption by the Army Corps of Engineers to rapidly develop and construct airfield and runway pavements capable of accommodating increased wheel loads. Later, in the 1960s, Asphalt Institute revised MS-2 by adding VMA as criteria for dense HMA mixes.

Binder Course

Binder courses, the second layer of asphalt in any pavement structure, act to hold and bond together the surface course and aggregates. A binder course may consist of asphalt concrete, crushed stone, slag, or Portland cement concrete (PCC).

Binder courses play a critical role in reducing road surface rutting by providing stability to the road surface and helping distribute traffic and environmental loads so as not to cause excessive stresses or strains on unbound materials underlying it. They require high degrees of stability and durability, which are typically attained through stone-on-stone contact, stiff asphalt content, and modified binder products.

Asphalt binder that possesses low viscosity and exhibits superior adhesion to aggregate. These types of binder are often employed in base course construction or on roads with higher ADT rates where rigid Hot Mix may prove problematic.

This class is tailored specifically for asphalt testing, materials approval, and quality control personnel. Attendees will develop and hone their skills during 20 hours of scheduled hands-on lab time utilizing tools such as the rotational viscometer, COC flashpoint tester, dynamic shear beam rheometers, and more. A review exam is administered near the end of class. Both versions of this course are offered in person as well as online, and they feature detailed video demonstrations in lieu of hands-on lab time.

Base Course

Base course HMA mixes are typically composed of aggregates that will not be damaged by frost action sta, stabilized with cement or asphalt, and designed with performance characteristics like credibility, load distribution, and stiffness in mind. Base course mixes tend to feature larger aggregate sizes with an open-graded layout than surface course mixes.

Crack prevention technique that utilizes fabric-like material placed between paving layers as an effective moisture barrier and separates them to stop the reflective cracking of asphalt pavement layers.

Construction begins by spreading and compacting a layer of hot mix in an even manner, followed by pavement. Paving should take place in consecutive strips not less than 10 ft wide unless otherwise necessary for your project. Following paving, any irregularities or depressions in the material should be immediately rectified by hand in order to achieve grade, cross-section, and thickness when dry.

General Asphalt was indicted for using Empire Supplies and Services as a subcontractor to skirt city policy that seeks to increase opportunities for companies owned by women, minorities, and people with disabilities. Former Philly Republican leaders’ families run General Asphalt and have received multiple city contracts totaling millions, including $10 million within six years alone.

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